They were first cultivated in China many centuries ago, and have appeared in ancient Chinese writings since 15th century BC. The Chinese used the chrysanthemum as an herbal remedy for various ailments such as headache relief, reducing blood pressure and as an anti-inflammatory.
Chrysanthemums are used to symbolize friendships. However, chrysanthemums just like marigolds are associated with different meanings depending on the region. In some regions, they are sometimes used to convey secret love. While in others they are used to convey feelings of sympathy because they are associated with death.
But there’s no need to worry about that in the UK where, as the birth flower for November, it stands for friendship, honesty and loyalty.